The issue of introducing a financial transaction tax (hereinafter – FTT) at the EU’s border came back in the frontline in the aftermath of the financial crisis, as an option to “moralise capitalism”. However, the idea appeared to be highly controversial, so that no agreement could foreseeably be reached on an EU-wide basis.
As a result the process for enhanced cooperation in this area was launched. Following the request of eleven Member States – Austria, Belgium, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain – on 22 January 2013, the Council adopted Decision 2013/52/EU[i] authorising enhanced cooperation in the area of financial transaction tax. Consequently, on 14 February the Commission issued a proposal for directive[ii]. For us, it is the occasion to (re)discuss the concept of enhanced cooperation (I), the competences of the EU in fiscal matters (II) and the idea of FTT itself (III).
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